José Carlos Llop - A literary gem, regarded by the critics as one of the best short novels of Spanish twentieth-century fiction. “Guillermo Stein came to school in the middle of the year, arriving on a bicycle. None of us came to school by bicycle.”
José Carlos Llop, The Stein Report, Trans. by Howard Curtis,
'The Stein Report', set in the island of Majorca in the 1960s, kicks off with the arrival of a newcomer that throws things off balance. Curious about him, Stein’s schoolmates will try to unravel the secrets concealed by this enigmatic character—a quest that will lead them to unveil unanswered questions of their own past.
José Carlos Llop’s The Stein Report is narrated by young Pablo Ridorsa, a student at a Jesuit school on the Spanish island of Mallorca in 1968. The key figure, however, is someone else, a boy who makes his appearance on the very first page:
Guillermo Stein came to the school in the middle of the year, arriving on a bicycle. None of us came to school by bicycle. p.9 (Hispabooks, 2014)
The new boy makes quite a stir in the established calm of the schoolyard, his blond hair, blue eyes and fashionable clothes allowing him to stand out from the crowd, and Ridorsa soon becomes close to the newcomer, visiting him and his sister in their house outside the main town.
However, Stein (or, more accurately, Stein’s father) has a secret, and it’s one which has a direct bearing on young Pablo’s well-being. Having lived with his grandparents for several years, the only contact he has with his parents are the postcards they send him from various cities around the world. This year, though, he is to discover that there’s a reason for their absence, and the Stein family are closely connected to it.
It’s a short work, but certainly an intriguing one. Although ostensibly one boy’s story, The Stein Report is also an insight into WWII events in the region, with the novella touching on the history of Spanish soldiers and Mussolini’s plans for Mallorca. In addition, it’s another of those Bildungsromane set in schools, such as Le Grand Meaulnes or Our Twisted Hero. The first, in particular, has many similarities to this work, with the arrival of a new student, a boy with a difference, and the gradual development of a friendship with the narrator.
Pablo is definitely a boy in need of companionship. He spends his life cooped up in his grandparents’ dull, old-fashioned house, and there’s an obvious, yet suppressed, longing for his parents. While he doesn’t make too much of a fuss, there are several scenes (including one weekly ritual involving a long-wave radio) that are simply heartbreaking.
Life at school, if more stressful, is at least more interesting, and the sections taking place there are wonderful. Llop does an excellent job of sketching out the characters of the fathers: Cristiano, mocking the students with his As and Bs; Riudavets, the strong, angry enemy; mad Ribas, with his system of ships and fear of the ceiling; and Azcárate, a victim of apoplexy:
“To us apoplexy was a sign of the wrath of God, the word itself had a sinister tinge, as if describing a sea monster. We still remembered the dead man’s diatribes against Luther, who was one of his scholastic obsessions. We remembered the way his eyes had bulged from their sockets whenever he described the symptoms of Luther’s illness. A-po-ple-xy, he would intone angrily from the platform, while we all prayed in silence that, when the hour of our death arrived, it would not be as a result of this Lutheran plague.” (p.10)
Just for these sketches alone, the book warrants reading.
However, there’s a lot more to The Stein Report than that. The report itself, commissioned from war expert Planas by class leader Palou, eventually uncovers secrets of Italian spies, black clothes and an Iron Cross as the young boys unexpectedly become involved in some very adult affairs. Ridorsa and his friends love to follow strangers in the street, pretending they’re spies – but what if they’re right?
Above all, though, The Stein Report is a book about life and its changes, the trials of growing up. Pablo is used to the routines of his grandparents’ house and school, a life which is steady, calming and dull:
“…sitting at the feet of my great-grandfather as he dozed in his chair and stroked my head like someone stroking the handle of a door and wondering whether or not to open it, because he suspects that if he opens it his life will never be the same again and, even though he’s thoroughly bored with his life, the thought that it will never be the same again scares him.” (p.58)
This, then, is Pablo’s choice – to stay comfortable or open the door. He chooses to follow Stein, and his life changes forever.
In addition to an excellent story, The Stein Report contains some beautiful writing. The English version comes from yet another well-known translator, Howard Curtis (Hispabooks have picked some of the best for their books!), and it shows in the wonderful translation. Proustian can be a rather overused adjective at times, but some of the lengthy, evocative descriptions Llop and Curtis create can come close at times, with colours and smells taking both writer and reader back in time. In other places, the language can be simple and elegant, evoking the voice of an innocent adolescent. However, there’s always something more, lurking in the shadows.
The Stein Report is a book to enjoy, one to savour and reread. Simple, but effective, it’s both a coming-of-age tale and a glimpse of a shadowy past. Chalk it up as yet another success for Hispabooks – I can’t wait to see what comes next. - tonysreadinglist.wordpress.com/2015/02/09/the-stein-report-by-jose-carlos-llop-review-2/
José Carlos Llop is the author of two books of short stories, Pasaporte diplomático (Diplomatic passport) and La novela del siglo (The novel of all times) winner of the Premio NH for the Best Book of Short Stories in 1999. He has published nine books of poetry and is the author of five volumes of diaries. As a novelist, he has published La cámara de ámbar (The amber chamber), shortlisted for the Prix Jean Monnet de Litteratures Européennes 2011, El informe Stein (The Stein Report, Hispabooks, 2014) winner of the Prix Écureuil de littérature étrangère 2008, Háblame del tercer hombre (Tell me about the third man), El mensajero de Argel (The messenger from Algiers) and París: suite 1940 (Paris, suite 1940).
His latest works are En la ciudad sumergida (In the submerged city), an essay on Mallorca that got the Special Mention by the Jury of the 2013 Prix Méditerranée Étranger, and Solsticio (Solstice).